Tables comparing the input data requirements of the DNDC model against those of 26 other Soil Organic Matter models, and their output data. Model input and output data requirements are compared for: a) soil inputs; b) weather inputs; c) animal and plant inputs; d) land use and management inputs; e) soil outputs; f) plant outputs; and g) animal and other outputs. The tables are a useful resource for modellers evaluating site data needs for application of the DNDC model.
The Technical Working Group on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (T-AGG) report on "Comparison of Three Biogeochemical Process Models for Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Effects of Agricultural Management" compares the capabilities of the DNDC, DAYCENT and EPIC/APEX models for representing important best management practices. Tables are provided of the management activities that can be represented by each model, the specific crop types that have been parameterised, and the input data requirements.
References: Oldander, L., Malin, D., del Grosso, S., Izaurralde, C., Paustian, K. and Salas, W. (2011) Comparison of Three Biogeochemical Process Models for Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Effects of Agricultural Management, Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Duke University, United States.
The Global DNDC Network is an international network of researchers and model developers using the process based DNDC model. The purpose of the network is to facilitate the exchange of ideas and stimulate improvements to the model; to enhance coordination of research activities and facilitate new collaborative research programmes; promote synthesis and integration at various scales; and to keep researchers informed of other international work that may relate to their own interests. The network website provides news of conferences, job vacancies and opportunities for collaborative research. The website also provides a list of publications related to the measurement and simulation of greenhouse gas emissions, by members of the network, with some papers available for direct download.
The Food and Climate Research Network aims to provide a comprehensive resource for those who wish to learn more about food and climate change. The network is interested in the food system and its carbon emissions and researches ways to reduce
The Global Research Alliance (GRA) on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases was launched in 2009 and has more than 30 member counties. Members of the Alliance aim to deepen and broaden mitigation research efforts across the agricultural sub-sectors of
References: Shafer, S., Walthall, C., Franzluebbers et al. (2011) Emergence of the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases. Guest Editorial, Carbon Management, 2, 3, 209-214.
Online community developed to advance soil carbon research. The Network coordinates soil research and monitoring efforts. Members can contribute to the soil carbon database and use the data for scientific research and paper writing. The website includes databases for a number of sites on soil carbon (bulk density, percentage carbon, soil organic carbon), soil chemistry and physical properties (carbon and nitrogen isotopes, percentage nitrogen, pH, particle size) and supporting geographical information (aspect, climate, land use). Users are able to network and collaborate with other users in the community. The network website provides links to external soil science resources and scientific protocols.
The Latin American Soil Carbon Network (LASCANet) is developing a soil carbon research programme in Latin Ameria that aims to improve soil quality, agronomic productivity, reduce non-point source pollution and minimise atmospheric enrichment of carbon dioxide. The Network collates and distributes scientific information, works with landowners and policy makers, promotes awareness about soil carbon sequestration in sustainable natural resource management and facilitates networking between stakeholders in the Latin American Region. Network members can be found on the website along with contact information. LASCANet is identifying methods to maximise land carbon retention and minimise carbon loss to reduce the effect of trace gases on climate change.
The NACP research programme aims to measure and understand sources and sinks of carbon dioxide, methane and carbon monoxide in North America and adjacent ocean regions. The success of NACP relies upon coordination between observational, experimental and modelling efforts concerning terrestrial, oceanic, atmospheric and human components. The programme requires expert guidance to maximise synergy amongst different activities and is financially supported by a number of organisations. The NACP database contains datasets which cover a wide range of topics including organic carbon fluxes, hourly global CO2 fluxes from land and vegetation, soil carbon storage and carbon sequestration. The website also provides publications, a relevant events calendar and news feed, all of which are frequently updated.
The United States Trace Gas Network (TRAGNET) aims to document contemporary fluxes of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide between ecosystems and the atmosphere; determine the factors controlling the fluxes and improve the ability to predict future fluxes in the hope to improve understanding of gas fluxes between land and the atmosphere and understand how global changes will affect this. Users can access the TRAGNET database which covers flux data, weather data and soil profiles for a range of sites, publications and a list of TRAGNET sites.
References: Ojima, D., A. Mosier, S. Del Grosso, and W. J. Parton (2000) TRAGNET analysis and synthesis of trace gas fluxes, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 14(4), 995-997.
The N2O Network is a collaboration between Australian Universities, State Government and departments and industry, where researchers measure N2O emissions in sites of varying soil and climatic conditions. It is lead by the Institute of Sustai
The FLUXNET-Canadian Carbon Program brings universities and government scientists together through a national research network. The network researches the influence of climate change and disturbance on carbon cycling along an east-west transect of Canada, covering forest and peat land ecosystems. All the program data is kept in an online Data Information System (DIS). To access the DIS, an online application form must be completed.
The GCN is a Canadian research project for sustainable greenhouse gas management in agricultural production systems and is supported by a number of sponsors. The network consists of 50 respected Canadian scientists and over 46 graduate students in 14 universities. The network offers training opportunities to students and technicians, to strengthen Canada's leadership capacity in climate change research. It focuses on developing high perfomance crops suited to the Canadian climate that additionally have reduced nitrogen requirements; enhancing soil carbon stocks; optimising yields under enrichment of atmospheric CO2 and increasing biofuel production. Each of these four issues is addressed by a team of researchers and projects undertaken. Research papers can be found on the website.
The aim of the project is to set up a GHG monitoring network in Africa, one of the least well covered regions. The aim is to have a network that will enable examination of spatial and temporal trends in GHG emissions as well as to quantify and predict them. The study aims to utilize and expand existing carbon systems as well as build new monitoring systems and fill in the gaps of knowledge. The website provides links to the GlobCover land cover database, CarboAfrica Database (site data downloadable on request), Terrestrial Ecosystem Monitoring sites (TEMs) site data and geo-spatial datasets. CarboAfrica Reports, presentations, meeting information and publications are also available online.
The AsiaFlux network aims to develop and transfer scientific knowledge on Asia's key ecosystems through observation, to ensure quality and sustainability of life in Asia. The network organises workshops and training events to cultivate the next generation of scientists and provide them with the skills and perspective needed to address climate change in Asia. AsiaFlux accumulate and manage data from research groups at observation sites in the AsiaFlux Network in an open database, provided for research work and to aid knowledge development in this area. The database is available on request. Links to external software to calculate and analyse fluxes are provided.
References: Kim, J., Guirui, Y., Miyata, A. (2009) Asia-Flux - Sustaining ecosystem and people through resilience thinking, WCC-3 Climate Sense, Tudor Rose 165-168.
The Chinese Terrestrial Ecosystem Flux Research Network (ChinaFLUX) is an observation and research network that applies eddy covariance of micrometeorology and chamber techniques as the main research methods to carry out long-term and continuo
References: Yu, Gui-Rui, Wen, Xue-Fa, Sun, Xiao-Min, Tanner, Bertrand, Lee, Xuhui, and Chen, Jia-Yi (2006) Overview of ChinaFlux and evaluation of its eddy covariance measurement. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 137, 125-137.
OzFlux is a national ecosystem research network which was established to provide Australian and global ecosystem modelling communities harmonised observations of energy, carbon and water exchange between ecosystems and the atmosphere in Australia. It is part of the international FluxNet, a network of over 500 flux stations implemented to provide continuous and long term measurements to monitor the state of global ecosystems. The network aims to collect data that can be used to develop knowledge and validate estimates of micrometerological theory, net primary productivity, evaporation, energy absorption and carbon and water balances of ecosystems. The website details the location of monitoring sites and includes the observed meteorological data for each. Relevant publications and meetings can be found on the site.
References: Leuning, R., Cleugh, H. A., Finnigan, J. J., Wang, Y. P., Barrett, D. J. and Zeglin, S. (2001) OZFLUX: Water, energy and carbon cycles in Australian terrestrial systems. In: 2001 American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco.
AmeriFlux is composed of sites in North America, Central America and South America and is a network that continuously observes exchanges of carbon dioxide, water, energy and momentum at ecosystem level. It is part of FLUXNET and operates over diurnal, synoptic, seasonal and interannual time scales. The site includes details of participants in the network and information on monitoring sites. Participants of the network must submit data within one year of collection on a suite of flux and micrometeorological measurements on 30 minute or 1 hour reporting intervals. The AmeriFlux Site and Data Exploration system allows the user to download data and choose a site and get the meteorological and biological variables for it as well as select the instrument type and model. Relevant publications and meeting/workshop information are available.
FLUXNET acts as a network of networks that coordinates analysis of observations from regional networks and micrometerological tower sites. The tower sites monitor carbon dioxide, water vapour and energy cycling between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere using eddy covariance methods. The FLUXNET database, available through the website, provides characteristics for 545 monitoring sites and information on the availability of the data, investigator details and links to data sources. The website also includes a number of relevant resources such as measurement methodology, publications, newsletters and links to regional networks.
References: Baldocchi, D., Falge, E., Gu, L., Olson, R., Hollinger, D., Running, S., Anthoni, P., Bernhofer, C., Davis, K., Evans, R., Fuentes, J., Goldstein, A., Katul, G., Law, B., Lee, X., Malhi, Y., Meyers, T., Munger, W., Oechel, W., Paw, K. T., Pilegaard, K., Schmid, H. P., Valentini, R., Verman, S., Vesala, T., Wilson, K., Wofsy. (2001) FLUXNET: A New Tool to Study the Temporal and Spatial Variability of Ecosystem-Scale Carbon Dioxide, Water Vapour, and Energy Flux Densities. American Meteorological Society, 82(11), 2415-2424.
The LTER Network is the largest and longest-lived ecological network in the United States which was developed to provide scientific expertise, act as a research platform and collate long term datasets. The production of long term ecological k
References: Waide, R. B. (2013) Long-Term Ecological Research Network. In: Orcutt, J. (ed) (2013) Earth System Monitoring. New York: Springer..
LEARN is an international network that researches agricultural greenhouse gas mitigation measures and is interested in developing practical and cost-effective solutions. The Network trains technicians, researchers and scientists from developing countries and offers a reward programme which encourages researchers to accquire skills in new techniques and methods in livestock greenhouse gas mitigation. The Network offers funding through a range of awards for technicians, PhD scholarships, Postdoctoral Fellows and Senior Scientists. A few research reports and newsletters are available directly online. Discussion forums and further publications are available to LEARN members.
The Forestry and Agriculture Greenhouse Gas Modeling Forum brings leading researchers of the US and Canada together through a series of workshops, which are financially supported by a number of organisations including the US Department of Agri
GRACEnet is a research programme initiated by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) to identify and develop agricultural practises which enhance soil carbon sequestration, encourage sustainabili
References: Jawson, M. D., Shafter, S. R., Franzluebbers, A. J., Parkin, T. B. and Follett, R. F. (2005) GRACEnet: Greenhouse gas reduction through agricultural carbon enhancement network.
Community for Climate Change Mitigation in Agriculture is a network for those working to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture that promotes the development and use of sustainable mitigation practices being used in agriculture worldwide. They aim to make data collected in research projects available to encourage knowledge sharing and collaboration, where knowledge gained can be used in policy support. Workshop reports and presentations are directly downloadable from the site. The website provides a link to the FAOSTAT database (from Food and Agriculture organisation of the United Nations) offers free and easy access to data relating to food and agriculture from 200 countries. The Climate, Energy and Land Tenure Division of FAO is collaborating with the Statistics Division to build a global inventory of GHG emissons from agriculture. This is based on data from FAOSTAT and Global Forest Resources Assessments and it applies the IPCC methodology to calculate emissions with each activity from 1990 to 2010. The database is country-specific and has global coverage.
References: Tubiello, F. N., Salvatore, M., Rossi, S., Ferrara, A., Fitton, N. and Smith, P. (2013) The FAOSTAT database of greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. Environmental Research Letters, 8, 2013.
The Open Climate Network is an independent and international network that aims to drive countries towards a low greenhouse gas emission future. It collates, analyses and disseminates information on progress of key countries on climate change. The website includes a frequently updated interactive data explorer that displays data in graphical format, where users can review and manipulate data on clean technologies, finance and policy for a number of different countries.
JapanFlux was established in 2006 and is a network of Japanese flux monitoring stations (29 sites). Network members include scientists interested in field-based measurements, modelling, hydrology and remote sensing . The network organises and publishes the research results of Japanese flux scientists and promotes collaboration between scientists. A flux calculator (calculates fluxes from raw data) and a flux analysis tool are available for download on the website, where the programme, help guide and source code can be directly downloaded. Links to related organisations in the FLUX network, research groups and online resources have also been given.
The Nordic Centre for Studies of Ecosystem Carbon Exchange and its Interactions with the Climate System Database (DbNECC) is a database system that stores greenhouse gas measurements and data from meteorological, climatological and environmental studies. The database is part of the Department of Earth and Ecosystem Sciences at Lund University, Sweden. Users must be registered to download data from the site. Information provided includes gas flux measurements from field sites as well as soil properties, vegetation information, a description of the study and published journal articles.
SwissFluxNet is a network of eight long-term ecosystem monitoring sites in Switzerland, that monitor gas fluxes (carbon dioxide, water vapour and sometimes methane and nitrous oxide) using the eddy covariance method and covers the major landuse types of the country. Details of the sites and published publications are found on the website
The Urban Flux Network is part of the University of Columbia and consists of an interative map that displays urban flux monitoring stations across the world (mainly in Europe, North America and South East Asia). The user can select a monitoring location and details of what gases are measured, landuse, population density, measurement height and operation period are available. The website also displays details of the Institute and investigators that operate the site, publications released, a link to the project homepage and photos. Users can add information on additonal monitoring sites. The Network releases a newsletter which gives relevant information on urban gas fluxes and profiles in the network.
The AFOLU-DATA Portal for Terrestrial Ecosystem Modelling is a collection of meta-data for datasets that are useful for ecosystem modelling at the Europe wide-scale. The data portal host a series of data sets that have been generated at the GH
References: Leip A, Marchi G, Koeble R, Kempen M, Britz W, Li C. (2008) Linking an economic model for European agriculture with a mechanistic model to estimate nitrogen and carbon losses from arable soils in Europe. Biogeosciences 5 (1): 73-94.
The European Soil Portal is part of the European Soil Data Centre and provides data and information about soils at European Level. It connects to activities within the Joint Research Centre and promotes the activities of the European Soil Bur
A list of 84 papers authored or co-authored by Prof. Changsheng Li (author of the DNDC model) describing the development and application of the DNDC, FOREST-DNDC and MANURE-DNDC models at field, regional and national scales. All papers are available for download as PDF.
The Global Research Alliance (GRA) Croplands Research Database is an archive of published research papers, reports and general literature about greenhouse gases and croplands, and supports the GRA Croplands Group's mission of reducing greenhouse gas intensity and improving overall production efficiency of cropland systems. The database can be searched and browsed by country, climate, cropping system and key words. Upon completion, the database will include literature from all 30+ GRA countries. This web site is a partnership between the GRA and Kansas State University and is being developed by Kansas State University Libraries.
The Home Page DNDC, FOREST-DNDC and MANURE-DNDC models. The latest model executables are available for down load after registration, as are papers authored and co-authored by Professor Li that describe the development and application of the models.
A user manual for the DNDC Model (Version 9.5) summarising the scientific background to the model and providing detailed guidance on the preparation of model input files and the setting up of scenarios via the graphical user interface.
References: User's Guide for the DNDC Model, Version 9.5. (2011) Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space, University of New Hampshire, USA.
A user manual for the Wetland-DNDC Model summarising the scientific background to the model and providing detailed guidance on the preparation of model input files and the setting up of scenarios via the graphical user interface.
References: User's Guide for the Wetland-DNDC Model (2002) Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space, University of New Hampshire, USA; Center for Forested Wetlands Research, USDA Forest Service, Charleston, USA. .
This Guidelines document was produced by international experts for the Livestock Research Group of the Global Research Alliance (GRA) on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases. The aim of the GRA is to assist the international research effort into li
The AFOLU-DATA Portal for Terrestrial Ecosystem Modelling is a collection of meta-data for datasets that are useful for ecosystem modelling at the Europe wide-scale. The portal hosts supplementary material for the paper by Villa-Vialaneix et al. (2011) on the development of meta-models for the DNDC-Europe model that predict nitrous oxide emissions and nitrate leaching from corn crops. The datasets available are the model training sets (model inputs and outputs) for 19,000 combinations of land management, soil and climate condition at sites distributed across Europe. The data were used to develop 8 statistical meta-models that approximated the output from DNDC-Europe and reduced computational costs and increased running speed.
References: Villa-Vialaneix, N., Follador, M. and Leip, A. (2012) A comparison of eight meta-modelling techniques for the simulation of nitrous oxide fluxes and nitrogen leaching from corn crops. Environmental Modelling and Software, 34, 51-66.
The National Centre for Rural Greenhouse Gas Research is an initiative between NSW Industry and Investment and the University of New England, which has additionally established national and international collaborative links. The centre aims to provide solutions to primary industries regarding the challenges and opportunities that climate change presents. The Centre is involved in research into agricultural greenhouse gas emissions, biofuel technology, minimising risk associated with climate variability and adaption to climate change. NCRGGR also provides education to primary producers on the possible implications of climate change and provides knowledge to inform policy decisions.
The New Zealand Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Research Centre seeks ways to maintain agricultural productivity in New Zealand whilst meeting greenhouse gas emission targets. Research is channeled into 4 primary work streams; Methane, Nitrous Oxide, Soil Carbon and Integrated Systems. Research is focused on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and is delivered in the form of services and new technologies. Farm management practises are also developed, which rely heavily on stakeholder engagement. Knowledge developed through research work is made available online in publications such as the RELEASE newsletter, conference papers and scientific publications (references to papers given). The centre holds an annual workshop for its members as well as events scientific meetings with guest speakers.
The Climate Change Science Institute (CCSI) aims to be internationally recognised as a leader of global and region scale predictions of seasonal, decadal and century scale predictions of climate change as well as climate-carbon cycle feedbacks
The Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Platform aims to improve the current United Kingfomr Greenhouse Gas emissions inventory, which does not take regional differences in soil type and farming practice into account, by providing experimental eviden
The UFCCC website holds country level Greenhouse Gas Inventory Data that can be used for estimation of greenhouse gas fluxes and for evaluation of environmental targets. The site gives access to UNFCCC GHG data, which contains estimates for carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, perfluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride for parties that are part of the convention. The UFCCC page provides access to the baseline GHG emissions, GHG reduction targets, annual compilation and accounting reports as part of the Kyoto Protocol data. The website also contains links to external data sources (from international, regional, national and non-governmental organisations as well as sectoral institutions) on greenhouse gas emissions as well as socio-economic data and tools.
The Emissions Factor Database (EFDB) is a library of emisson factors and parameters with background information that can be used to estimate greenhouse gas emissions and removal. Members can submit data to the database, which is checked first by the Editorial Board. EFDB includes: IPCC default data, IPCC Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, IPCC Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land Use Change, Forestry and 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories and data from peer-review papers. The website holds a user manual for the EFDB and guidance documents.
References: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme (2007) Database on Greenouse Gas Emission Factors (IPCC-EFDB) User Manual for WEB application. Version 2.0.
The National Centre for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) consists of hundreds of collaborating scholars and scientists who use existing information to conduct scientific and ecological research. This includes the synthesis of datasou
References: Hackett, E. J., Parker, J. N., Conz, D., Rhoten, D. and Parker, A. (2008) Ecology Transformed: MCEAS and Changing Patterns of Ecological Research. In: Olson, G. M., Zimmerman, A. and Boss, N. (eds) (2008) Scientific Collaboration on the Internet. Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The Cool Farm Tool (CFT) is a greenhouse gas calculator for agriculture that can be used by farmers as a decision support tool or by companies to calculate GHG emissions in the food supply chain. The tool is available for free download on the
References: Hillier, J., Walter, C., Malin, D., Garcia-Malin, D., Mila-i-Canals, L. and Smith, P. (2011) A farm-focused calculator for emissions from crop and livestock production. Environmental Modelling and Software, 26, 1070-1078.
The CONsolidated Community Emissions Processing Tool (CONCEPT) was developed by Alpine Geophysics, the ENVIRON corporation and the University of California Riverside Air Qualtiy Modelling Group. It is an open source emissions model with global
References: Loomis, C., Wilkinson, J. G., Haasbeek, J., Pollack, A. and Janssen, M. (2005) "CONCEPT - Consolidated Community Emissions Processing Tool - An Open Source Tool for the Emissions Modeling Community", 14th Annual International Emission Inventory Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 11-14, 2005.
The World Resources Institute has produced a guidance document for governments, industry associations and environmental groups regarding the design and implementation of programmes to promote the measurement of corporate Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. These programmes range from municipal to national scale and can be voluntary or regulatory reporting. The guidance document supports the production of a credible platform to report and account for GHG emissions from corporations.
References: Fransen, T., Bhatia, P. and Hsu, A. (2007) The Greenhouse Gas Protocol. Measuring to Manage: A Guide to Designing GHG Accounting and Reporting Programs. World Resources Council for Sustainable Development and World Resources Institute.
NitroEurope IP is a research programme that integrates observation, manipilation and modelling of carbon-nitrogen dynamics and plot, field and landscape scale across multiple sites in Europe. The project is part of the EU's Sixth Framework Programme for Reseasrch and Technological Development, and runs from 2006 to 2011. The key objectives are to establish robust datasets on nitrogen fluxes and net greenhouse gas exhange, and to scale up these fluxes for terestrial ecosystems to regional and European levels. The project home page provides a comprehensive list of current activities and partners, and notification of conferences and publications. The site also provides download access to project reports and measurement databases via a web interface (available On Request). NitroEurope IP is coordinated by the Centre fo Ecology and Hydrology (UK).
CarboEurope-IP aimed to understand the carbon balance of Europe and the uncertainity at local, regional and continental scale, particularly in relation to the biosphere as a carbon sink. CarboEurope-IP produced measurement data, model simulation results, software and auxillary datasets. The website provides data in its product section. Raw data can be accessed through the atmosphere link, however the ecosystem and central database components are not currently functioning. A final report with CD is available on request.
References: Dolman, A. J., Noilhan, J., Durand, P., Sarrat, C. and Brut, A., Jarosz, N., Brunet, Y., Loustau, D., Lamaud, E., Miglietta, F., Gioli, B., Magliulo, V., Esposito, M., Gerbig, C., Körner, S., Glademard, P., Ramonet, M., Ciais, P., Neininger, B., Hutjes, R. W. A. , Elbers, J. A., Macatangay, R., Schrems, O., Pèrex-Landa, G., Sanz, M. J., Scholz, Y., Facon, G., Ceschia, E. and Beziat, P. (2006) The CarboEurope regional experiment stategy. American Meteorological Society, 87(10), 1367-1379.
Infrastructure for Measurements of the European Carbon Cycle was a project under the Sixth Framework Programme of the European Commission that aimed to create a coordinated and calibrated dataset reflecting the carbon balance of Europe, that would be more comparable with global measurements. The final assembly of the IMECC took place in 2011, however, data is still available through a number of websites (links given on project homepage). Reports and presentations published as part of the project area available for download on the website.